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Tandem Wheel Launch
1. Which statement is true regarding FAA inspection of your tandem rig for compliance with FAR 103?
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2. Regarding FAR 103 maximum weight, fuel, and deployable safety devices. Which statement is true?
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3. You're taxiing in a crosswind with the wing overhead: (check all that apply)
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4. What could make a tandem cart a Light Sport Aircraft instead of an exempted 2-place ultralight?
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5. If you are light on a big wing...(check all that apply)
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6. You notice that the front wheel(s) is lifting off at the same time as the back wheels. Which statement is true?
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7. Which of the following would make the cart tilt more nose-down? (check all that apply)
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8. Which statement is true regarding communications?
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9. Relative to solo cart launches, Tandems have (check all that apply)
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10. Wheeled tandems require extra care in the following ways... (check all that apply)
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11. A tandem cart must weigh less than
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12. One of the most likely ways that a student gets hurt DURING A TANDEM is
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13. When landing a foot-launch tandem, what is an important thing to consider?
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14. Why is it important to do a preflight briefing with your student/passenger before flight?
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15. Launch assistance is useful, but the helpers have been seriously injured by the prop. To mitigate that risk (check all that apply)
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16. Besides good judgment, what is the most important skill you can have to ensure safe tandem flights?
Foot-launch tandems require a lot of skill. The most useful skill you can develop is your wing handling skill. Spend time mastering the wing on the ground and that skill will vastly improve your ability to do safe tandem flights.
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17. High wind operations on tandems (select all that apply):
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18. Foot launching in moderately strong winds: (check all that apply)
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19. What is the most important structural concern for tandem flights?
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20. Foot launched tandem is difficult because: (check all that apply)
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21. What are some other factors to take into consideration when doing a foot launch tandem? (check all that apply)
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22. Foot launching in zero wind...
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23. What is the number one (most common) cause for failing a tandem launch and possible injury?
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24. Aside from distributing the load, what is one of the benefits of using a tandem bar?
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25. What are some of the important things you can say/mention in a briefing before doing a foot launch tandem? (check all that apply)
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26. Which statements are true regarding tandem spreader bars? (select all that apply)
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PPG Tandem Instructor
27. The wing you choose for flying tandem is critical. What are some important considerations to keep in mind when selecting a wing? (select all that apply)
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28. Any tandem setup must ensure the following: (check all that apply)
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29. With most paramotors, what happens as you burn fuel during flight?
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30. Relative to a solo glider, the time it takes for a tandem glider to oscillate from left to right is...
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31. Relative to a solo glider, the time it takes to swing under the glider during landing flare is...
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32. When flying foot launc, tandem pilots should...
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33. Relative to a solo glider, rapid descent maneuvers (Big ears, B-line stall, Spiral dives) on a tandem wing are:
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34. Which statements are true regarding carabiners for tandem flight? (select all that apply)
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35. Which statement is true regarding the brake pressure you'll feel on a tandem wing vs a solo wing?
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36. In general, the maneuverability of a tandem glider compared to a solo glider is typically...
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37. Tandem flights are useful for teaching students how to get out of an oscillation. What is the best way to teach this?
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38. When doing tandem flights, which statements are true? (check all that apply)
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39. What is the legal implication of flying while taking medications? (Pilots Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge - Chapter 17)
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40. Which statement is true regarding the transfer of control to a student?
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41. Which statements are true regarding getting paid to fly tandem? (select all that apply)
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42. What does CG stand for?
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43. Regarding CG in tandem operations where the instructor is in the rear, moving the passenger forward will do what?
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44. Before flying a passenger the best way to ensure proper inflight hang angle is
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45. Which tandem flights REQUIRE informing the student of certain operational rules
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46. Rotational inertia
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47. Regarding incidents or Accidents (check all that apply):
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48. Regarding pay, a Tandem Trainee may
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49. A Tandem Trainee may fly tandem with the following as passengers (select all that apply):
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50. The USPPA Tandem exemption exempts what
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51. The FAA Tandem Exemptions for all organizations...
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52. Hazard is
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53. Flying a machine that exceeds 254 pounds:
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54. Which of these are hazardous attitudes for flying? (select all that apply):
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55. Tandem instructors must carry (select all that apply)
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56. One of your top critical tasks is
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57. Which source is a useful read to understand risk management?
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58. An important way to assess risk includes understanding
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59. Regarding reserve deployment practice, which is the best way to teach reserve deployment:
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60. Which statements are true regarding towing (check all that apply):
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61. Which of the following scenarios is an error a student is likely to make after takeoff.
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62. Which statements are true regarding the effectiveness of managing multiple students?
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63. Which of the following statements are true regarding student response to situations (check all that apply)?
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64. Select which statements are true regarding active flying (check all that apply)?
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65. Which statements are true regarding a student's first few solos (check all that apply)?
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66. What are some options if a brake locks/tangles in the risers? (Select all that apply)
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67. Aside from failed launches, how else can lines get damaged? (Which scenario is most common/likely?)
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68. What are some of the likely ways students cause line damage? (check all that apply)
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69. If a student does not meet the minimum skills for a rating, what should you do?
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70. Besides helping your student survive and thrive, your position as a USPPA instructor can? (check all that apply)
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71. What are some important considerations to take into account when checking pockets before a flight? (Select all that apply)
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72. Which statements are true regarding the use of speedbar/trimmers? (check all that apply)
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73. A student calls you to explain they found an easy way to practice forwards by getting towed with a truck. How should you respond?
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74. Which statements are true regarding a reserve? (check all that apply)
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75. Which of the following is the most important aspect of preflight checklists?
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76. You notice a student continually flies low over unlandable terrain. What could you say? (Select all that apply)
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77. What's a good response on how to land if a brake line or toggle comes disconnected?
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78. Which statement is true regarding the use of brakes to get off the ground during launch?
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79. Which statements are true regarding teaching new students? (Select all that apply)
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80. Steering somewhat upwind while flying a path in a crosswind (crabbing) is useful for what? (check all that apply)
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81. You're getting a student to land on a spot with obstructions present. Which statement is correct?
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82. What is the most effective way to teach safety to your students?
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83. Which statements are true regarding gust fronts? (select all that apply)
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84. Sunrise was at 7 AM. Your student has been trying to launch all morning. It's now 10:30 am on a sunny day. What is the safest option?
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85. What should you consider when launching a student near large obstacles like buildings or hills, especially if it feels calm?
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86. A student starts oscillating on final approach. What are some ways to manage this? (select all that apply)
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87. Go arounds should be rehearsed before first flight. What are the ideal steps for a go-around?
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88. A glider tends to overshoot your student during inflation. What tips can you offer? (check all that apply)
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89. What is the main risk of being heavy in the brakes while at full power?
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90. Regarding PG (paragliding) vs PPG (powered paragliding), which statement is true?
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91. What does a 6 to 1 glide ratio mean?
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92. You’re about to launch a new student on their first solo flight, when you notice Virga in the distance. Which statements are true? (Select all that apply)
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93. If you fly a heavily loaded wing (over the recommended limit). Which statement is true?
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94. You have two students, one is lighter and one is heavier, and they will learn on the same wing. Which statement is true?
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95. Which decision could an instructor make that could likely injure or kill a student?
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96. Which statement is the most accurate regarding wings/gliders for new students to learn on?
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97. Why is it important to check a glider's weight range, as recommended by the manufacturer?
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98. All other things being equal, being light on a wing does what to the wing? (Select all that apply)
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99. What is one of the ways that paraglider wings maintain internal pressure?
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100. Why is it risky to fly deep in the brakes?
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101. Which statement is true regarding rotor?
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102. What is mechanical turbulence?
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103. Which statements are true regarding towing? (check all that apply)
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104. What is one of your most important jobs as an instructor while teaching PPG 1 students?
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105. Which of the following can cause or aggravate wing surging/pitch control? (Select all that apply)
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106. Increasing thrust affects flight path angle (FPA) and Angle of Attack (AoA) how?
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107. An airfoil is “stalled” when (check all that apply)
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108. Regarding paraglider airfoils and lift (check all that apply)
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PPG 2 Wheel Launch
109. What makes a craft more “PPG” and less “PPC” (select all that apply)
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110. On landing in moderate or stronger wind:
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111. What are the top 2 causes of injuries with carts (select the top 2)?
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112. During launch, you notice the wing is off-centered slightly to the right. What should you do?
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113. Which statement is true regarding wheel launching in strong winds?
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114. Regarding takeoff distance using a cart:
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115. On the takeoff roll, once the wing is fully centered overhead the pilot should:
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116. In windy conditions (over about 10 mph), for unassisted launch and landing, carts are
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117. Which statement is true regarding wheel launch vs foot launch?
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118. If a heavier pilot flies a machine (motor and wing) normally flown by a lighter pilot: (select all that apply)
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119. Regarding control during launch
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120. On takeoff, best practice is to
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121. Refer to the illustration. Regarding “Thrust Line” (#8):
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122. #2 is showing the hook in points, there are 4 (represented by white circles with black numbers). Moving the attachment point forward from hole 3 to 2 (forward) will affect takeoff by:
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123. Number 3 is pointing to the A-assist. It should only pull on the A's until the wing is overhead. If it's not adjusted properly, what can happen? (select all that apply)
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124. What does the A-Assist do on a cart? (Select all that apply)
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125. The number 3 is pointing to a thin grey line. What is this grey line?
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PPG 3 Wheel Launch
126. What will increase the risk of tipping/rolling over? (select all that apply)
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127. A cart with a wider wheel base will have?
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128. Rotational inertia is increased by (select all that apply):
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129. What is rotational inertia?
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130. In flight with turbulence, carts tend to:
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131. Comparing foot-launching with cart launching using the same motor, the increased drag of the cart will:
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132. Which statement is true when you use the same wing for wheel launch as you do for foot launch?
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133. Which statement is true when comparing wheel launch vs foot launch?
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134. If the cart is properly balanced, what should happen on takeoff?
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135. Which statement is true regarding the load-bearing elements (carabiners) on a cart?
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136. Having line holders higher on the cart (check all that apply)
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137. On soft surfaces, it may be beneficial to have some slack in the lines. Check all that apply.
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138. If you takeoff with a full tank and land with a nearly empty tank:
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139. Number 6 refers to the center of gravity (CG). Which statement is true?
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140. Refer to the illustration. Moving the seat aft (back) will affect takeoff by:
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141. Refer to the illustration, 6 is pointing to
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142. Which number is pointing to the pivot point?
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143. FAR 103.1 (a) stipulates that PPG's must be flown "single occupant". How can PPG's legally do tandem flights?
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144. Regarding tandem flying, the PPG 3 Rating:
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145. Refer to the riser diagram. There are two pulleys, 9 and 13. The upper one has a brake through it, the lower pulley is for:
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146. The most likely time for a reflex wing to collapse in turbulence would be:
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147. Select all that apply regarding wingovers:
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148. Select all that apply. What happens when you pull brakes?
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149. Regarding the axis of motion: Pulling brakes makes the wing _____ back around the motor ______ axis since the motor keeps moving the same speed (momentarily) as the wing angles back.
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150. When swinging through the bottom of a wingover:
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151. Refer to the Winslow chart at number 3. It touches and is just right of a thin gray, north/south line that says IR 112. That is:
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152. Refer to the Winslow chart at number 4. Just to the right is a triangular shape with a line pointing to “0”. This is
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153. Refer to the Winslow chart at number 3. It's
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154. Refer to the Winslow chart. Just south of the number 5, inside the hard edge of the blue shaded line.
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155. Refer to the Winslow chart, you're launching at number 2. You're in:
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156. Refer to #4 on the chart. Can we launch a PPG from there?
103.17 Operations in certain airspace.
No person may operate an ultralight vehicle within Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace or within the lateral boundaries of the surface area of Class E airspace designated for an airport unless that person has prior authorization from the ATC facility having jurisdiction over that airspace.
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157. Refer to the Winslow chart. The number 4 is:
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158. After laying your wing out and getting ready for a no wind forward, a 3 mph wind comes up angling from your right by 45 degrees. You can
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159. You're launching down a driveway with a 4 mph breeze DIRECTLY from your left. You lay the glider out headed down the road. On launch the glider will tend to come up:
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160. The STI, Speedbar/Trim Interconnect, (PK System) on some gliders refers to a system that:
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161. Commercial use of PPG in flight:
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162. Regarding getting paid to fly PPG:
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163. Check all that apply. Paramotor “empty weight” includes:
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164. Wing loading is:
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165. Regarding monetary benefit from flying PPG: (check all that apply)
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166. When heavily loaded, a pilot will (check all that apply)
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167. What is the effect of wing size on wing loading?
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168. Check all that apply to Stabilo steering lines:
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169. If a water landing is inevitable. Select all that apply:
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170. During launch, while running with the wing overhead:
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171. Regarding airshow performances or other public demonstrations:
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172. Which of the following statements are true regarding parachutal stall (select all that apply)?
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173. You take off and discover the right brake line is caught tight in its pulley. What should you do?
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174. Weather in the mountains tends to be:
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175. What does number 1 represent (distance between wing tip to wing tip)?
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176. The distance from the front of the wing to the back of the wing (represented by #2 in the image) is called?
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177. The number 20 is pointing to a metal piece. What is that piece called?
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178. The number 12 is next to a small metal piece. What is this piece called?
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179. The number 13 is next to a small pulley. What is this pulley for?
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180. Always refer to the pilot manual, but on many reflex gliders pilots should:
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181. When landing in in strong turbulence:
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182. The risk of spot landings is mostly from:
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183. Refer to the Wind Drift image. You're at position A when the motor quits and you want to make the Island. Approximately what heading will you fly?
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184. A smooth 10 mph wind is blowing. Your motor quits and now you're trying to reach a landing field that is upwind of you. Which setting will enable you to travel the longest distance?
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185. If you encounter strong turbulence, you should:
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186. Spiral dives, where the wing is pointed nearly straight down,
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187. Parachutal stall is:
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188. Refer to red D on the Orlando Chart's left side. You...
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189. Refer to red number 4 on the Orlando Chart's bottom. Which statements are true?
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190. Refer to red number 8 on the Orlando Chart. Which statement is true?
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191. Refer to red number 5 on the Orlando Chart. Launching there you...
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192. Refer to red number 4 on the Orlando Chart's bottom. Launching there you...
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193. Refer to red number 2 on the Orlando Chart's left side. You...
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194. Refer to red number 3 on the Orlando Chart's left side. Which statement is true if you launch there?
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195. Refer to red number 1 on the Orlando Chart excerpt. You...
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196. Flying over clouds is nearly always a bad idea because they can close in on you. But legally…(check all that apply)
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197. Wind direction is the direction from which the wind is blowing. For example: If the wind is shown as 270 degrees, this indicates the wind is blowing from the_________.
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198. If you are at the beach and the "off-shore" breezes are 6-8 m.p.h. This indicates:
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199. Mark all that apply. If the dew point is the same or slightly higher than the air temperature. Which of the following statements is true?
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200. What are some ways to suspect a gust front is heading your way? (check all that apply)
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201. As the air temperature drops, which of the following statements are true? (Select all that apply)
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202. When the air is very humid, what does that usually mean for us as PPG pilots?
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203. You're at the beach of a large body of water. Wind is coming on shore but a mile inland it's blowing opposite (towards the water). Which is true?
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204. Select all that apply. Which statement is true regarding weather:
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205. On many sunny days, the presence of these clouds in the morning indicate increasing thermals and associated turbulence:
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206. The billowy, heaped-on looking clouds are:
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207. Active flying is defined as: