The four stages of learning
Learning is the process of acquiring new knowledge, behaviors, attitudes, understanding, and skills.
Learning is an active process. To learn, a student must encounter new information, pay attention to it, coordinate it with what they already know, store it in their memory, and apply it.¹
Four stages occur during the learning process.
Stage 1 – Novice
The student hasn’t mastered the skill and doesn’t know what skill needs to be learned.
Focus on: Learning
Stage 2 – Beginner
The student hasn’t mastered the skill but knows what skill needs to be learned.
Focus on: Practice
Stage 3 – Proficient
The student is starting to master the skill, but it still requires much effort and attention.
Focus on: Repetition
Stage 4 – Expert
The student has mastered the skill and can perform the skill with minimal effort.
Focus on: Maintenance